Global warming is a part of life. It's a growing phenomenon that’s disturbing government and society in general, putting people's health and the environment in jeopardy. The use of so-called green technology is one of the ways to tackle global warming.

Green building technology has quickly become one of the most common construction trends. The benefits of integrating green technology into architecture are multiple and extensive, presenting major advantages in both new and existing structures. Green technology makes buildings more energy-efficient and long-lasting, resulting in a lower carbon footprint and less environmental impact. Green construction technology provides significant benefits to builders, building owners, and tenants alike.

Green technology produces greater energy efficiency. It is said to play an important role in the creation of new buildings at every level. Using green technology, different elements of a building can be sustainable and energy-efficient. Green technology, such as solar power, can appear to be more expensive at first as compared to conventional resources, but it will save you money in the long run. The concept of green technology solutions in the construction industry is rapidly developing, and there are various definitions of what green technology is and its associated benefits. Simply put, green construction technology entails the construction of new structures that integrate one or more elements of environmentally sustainable solutions.

Listed below are the technologies and processes used in integrating green construction in a built environment.

Cool roofs

A cool roof is built to reflect more sunlight while absorbing less heat than a traditional roof. A highly reflective type of paint, a sheet coating, or highly reflective tiles or shingles may all be used to create a cool roof. A cool roof can benefit almost any form of house, but it's important to consider the environment and other factors before deciding to install one. As a result, cool roofs minimize dependency on air conditioning and, as a result, energy consumption, resulting in lower combined greenhouse gas emissions from power plants.

Of course, lowering the roof's temperature is advantageous, but the real savings are made on the inside. A cool roof reduces a building's interior temperature by reflecting excessive heat or trapping the air inside. As a result, the burden on air conditioning systems is reduced, lowering the pollution generated by our heating and cooling systems.

Biodegradable materials

Since building is all about making something new, we sometimes ignore the other side of the equation: breaking down buildings and disposing construction materials. Biodegradable materials can make the process more environmentally sustainable by resulting in goods that degrade naturally without contaminating the soil, rather than a giant scrap heap of waste products and chemicals. 

Using recycled materials is a positive first step toward being environmentally sustainable, but products that naturally degrade without introducing pollutants into the environment are much better. 

Geothermal Heating

Geothermal energy is a clean and sustainable source of energy that is largely untapped. It has the ability to meet future heating, cooling, and energy demands as an environmentally friendly option.

To produce electricity, geothermal heating uses the Earth's natural resources. Geothermal energy is a cost-effective clean energy source that is much less harmful to the atmosphere than coal-fired electricity or natural gas. Cold weather may appear to render geothermal heating ineffective, but this is not the case. Freezing conditions have little impact on pipes buried a few feet deep.

Solar Power

Solar panels can produce energy in cloudy and overcast conditions, but the amount of energy produced is dictated by the 'thickness' and height of the clouds, which determines how much light can pass through. Solar irradiation is the sum of light energy that is emitted which is normally averaged over the course of a day using the term Peak Sun Hours (PSH). 

Learn more about Solar Power and its fundamentals here.

Passive solar home design essentially makes use of the sun's rays to heat a home by strategically placing windows. Solar energy goes through large windows, and heat is retained by a heat-absorbing surface like a dark wall. Solar panel efficiency varies depending on the size of the system and the local environment. However, under the right circumstances, a solar system can pay for itself in the long run with years of free electricity.

StormWater Management

Water runoff from heavy rains and snowfall will erode vast swaths of land and wash away plant life in rural areas. Erosion is a dangerous phenomenon, and the influence of storm water in cities is even more so; overflowing sewage systems can flood streets and houses, causing dangerous driving conditions and millions in property damage. That's where stormwater management comes in: it requires landscaping and system design to efficiently handle vast quantities of water. 

Plant boxes, which are small dirt and greenery installations along the street, are one of the most basic solutions. Green roofs that are fully covered in plant life, as well as permeable pavements that allow water to flow down to the sediment layer, are examples of the powerful potential of green storm water technology.

Rammed-Earth Brick

Rammed earth brick is an ancient building material that has recently been reintroduced to meet the demands of environmental sustainability. The technique makes use of raw materials that are sourced in a sustainable manner. The method of constructing a rammed-earth structure has been made simpler thanks to technical advances, but it still follows the ancient planning process. Rammed-earth bricks are suitable for sustainable construction because of their sourcing and shaping process, which reduces environmental impacts while still allowing the material to maintain a building's temperature. Rammed-earth construction lowers pollution while still keeping buildings cool in the summer and warm in the winter.

Our next green technology, a device designed to harness water runoff, is similar to rammed-earth construction in that it must take special care to properly control water to avoid harm.

Design and development that is well-thought-out leaves a legacy for future generations to appreciate. We have an obligation to recognize that what we build today can last and benefit future generations. Investing in green construction can become a one-stop shop of everything you need for the built environment.

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